The world’s first chocolates were crude. Most often chocolate was consumed as a ceremonial spiced beverage. Modern chocolate is smooth and melty, a testament to modern machinery and automation. Over 500 years ago, when cacao—the raw material for chocolate— was first exported to Europe, it was minimally and inconsistently processed.
Market monopolies and vertical integration by large businesses have brought about the modern chocolates found in convenience stores around the world.Colonization played a huge role in the development of modern chocolate into this saccharine, global form.