What Countries Grow Cacao?

While the top 10 cacao producing countries grow over eighty percent of the world’s cacao, as of 2019there are more than fifty countries growing cacao in some capacity (more than 1MT of dried cacao annually). Naming what countries grow cacao is simple, but the history and cultures behind those names is complex. Even though chocolate is largely manufactured in Europe and North America, cacao is largely grown in Africa and Central & South America. Cacao can be grown in humid climates within 25 degrees of the equator, so it can’t grow in Europe at all, with the exception of Spain’s Canary Islands, off the coast of Africa.

In recent years, many national governments have begun investing in the cacao industry, either in local farmers (as in the Philippines) or in those of a nearby country (as in New Zealand’s involvement in Timor-Leste). With the explosion of the craft chocolate movement, some farmers are now growing cacao aimed at a high-end market. In some countries which grow cacao, there’s only one producer buying up cacao from local farmers or growing it on a single plantation.

Top 10 Cacao Producing Countries

Côte d'Ivoire









Dominican Republic

Other cacao-growing countries have only entered the market in the last several years.Some are working to start a local cacao industry and add value to existing farms, while others aim to eradicate an existing industry, likebetel nuts in Taiwan orcocaine production in Peru.

Source. The top 10 cacao producers in each area are marked with an asterisk.

Cacao Producing Countries In Africa

  1. Sierra Leone
  2. Liberia
  3. Côte d’Ivoire*
  4. Ghana*
  1. Togo
  2. Nigeria*
  1. Equatorial Guinea
  2. São Tomé e Príncipe
  3. Congo
  4. Cameroon*
  5. Gabon
  6. Democratic Republic Of The Congo
  7. Uganda
  8. Tanzania
  9. Madagascar

Source. The top 10 cacao producers are marked with an asterisk.

Cacao Producing Countries In Asia

  1. India
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Myanmar
  4. Vietnam
  5. Cambodia (Mondulkiri Province)
  6. Thailand
  7. Malaysia
  8. The Philippines
  9. Taiwan
  10. China (Yunnan Province)
  11. Indonesia*

Cacao Producing Countries In the South Pacific

  1. Australia
  2. Papua New Guinea
  3. Timor-Leste
  4. Solomon Islands
  5. Vanuatu
  6. Fiji
  7. Samoa

Cacao Producing Countries In North & Central America

  1. USA (Hawaii & Puerto Rico only)
  2. Mexico*
  1. Guatemala
  2. Belize
  3. El Salvador
  4. Honduras
  5. Nicaragua
  6. Costa Rica
  7. Panama

Cacao Producing Countries In the Caribbean

  1. Cuba
  2. Jamaica
  3. Haiti
  4. Dominican Republic*
  1. St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  2. St. Lucia
  3. Grenada
  4. Trinidad and Tobago
  5. Dominica

Cacao Producing Countries In South America

  1. Ecuador*
  2. Colombia
  3. Guyana
  4. Venezuela
  5. Peru*
  1. Bolivia
  2. Brazil*

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